Social Indicators in Indonesia
The life expectancy of a nations citizens is based on some main factors, notably one that determines if the mortality rate will stay the same throughout the newly born infant’s entire life. In Indonesia, the average person is expected to reach at least age 69. Life expectancy is calculated by examining medically related factors in a region, as well as environmental, social, and individual risk factors. Those factors that are medical are mainly dependent on the quality of medical services in a certain place, as well as the mortality rate of the entire population.
Other factors that affect life expectancy in Indonesia are more practical in nature. For example, the amount of substance abuse among the people will influence this number greatly. Drug use has been an issue that has plagued this country for years. In March of 2013, the United Nations International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) released a report that Kahabar of Southeast Asia elaborated upon. It read that seizures and amphetamines were a big cause of death in the nation, and that about 5 million of Indonesians had a drug abuse problem. That accounts for about 2% of the entire population.
Cigarette smoking is also a determining factor when it comes down to life expectancy. This is especially true in places such as Indonesia, where the age of those who smoke their first cigarette is among the lowest in the world. Not only that, but the country itself has reportedly some of the most avid smokers in the world period. One report from Time magazine in 2012 showed the exact statistics. In the article entitled “And The World’s Top Smokers Are…”, survey results showed that almost 70% of Indonesian men (and boys over the age of 15) smoke cigarettes. This made Indonesia the second ranking nation in the world (right behind Russia) with smoking adults. Russia’s percentage was 39%, Indonesia was 35%.
Work environment will also affect life expectancy in this country. Being exposed to accidents, stress, and physical output all play a major part of this calculation. For example, the fact that mining is a main industry there may expose workers to certain types of underground air and chemicals that companies should be aware of and practice safe habits around. How much the employees are paid will also affect the expectancy of life in the region, being that the amount of money that’s made will affect Indonesian’s housing options, their nutrition, and the amount of good medical care that they can ultimately afford for themselves and their families.
The mortality rate in Indonesia (as it relates to every 1,000 infants that die before they turn one year old) is 25 as of 2013. The state of the medical facilities there again determine these numbers. For example, the amount of hospital beds per 1,000 people is at .9, among the lowest numbers in the world. These numbers are calculated not only by the amount of beds in big hospitals, but by the number of racks available in rehab centers and other specialized hospitals. Also, there are currently only about .2 doctors available per 1,000 people in Indonesia.
One of the other trends that help measure social indicators there are the amount of internet users in the country. This number has steadily improved since 2010, going from 10.9% that year to 11.1 the following year. In 2012 it jumped to 14.7, and the number increased again two years ago to 15.8%.With the growing use of the internet among regular citizens as well as business owners, the economy is easily accessible by the rest of the world, making Indonesia a place where the jobs and educated employees on them (due to the availability of online college classes) will increase in the next decade dramatically. The literacy rate in Indonesia is determined by examining how many people over the age of 15 who can effectively read, write, and do simple arithmetic. This number today is over 90%.